Building Renovation Passports – Customised Roadmaps towards Deep Renovation and Better Homes
An overview of initiatives currently developed in France, Germany and Belgium, for building renovation passports, considered as Energy Performance Certificates 2.0, and perfect tools leading to better buildings performance and more comfortable homes.
In its most recent study, BPIE suggests to evolve EPCs into Building Renovation Passports. Based on three examples of “Building Renovation Passports” in the Belgian region of Flanders (“Woningpas”), France (“Passeport Efficacité Énergétique”) and Germany (“Individueller Sanierungsfahrplan”), building renovation passport are centred around the combination of technical on-site energy audits and quality criteria established in dialogue with building owners. The result is a user-friendly long-term roadmap that owners can use to plan deep renovations, gather all relevant building information in a sole place and get an up-to-date screenshot of the building across its lifetime, with information about comfort levels (air quality, better daylight entry, etc.) and potential access to finance.
The aim of this report is to provide an overview of initiatives currently developed: three of them were selected, in Flanders, France and Germany, all revolving around the concept of “building renovation roadmap or passport”. These initiatives were chosen for their advanced phase of development, as they provide a good overview of the process supporting the creation of a Building Renovation Passport and as they cover the main issues that need to be addressed for its development and implementation. In the three cases, public authorities have shown interest for this concept (France) and have supported or driven (Flanders and Germany) its development.
Section 1 explores the notion of “Building Renovation Passport”, introducing the concept, based on the three case studies. Section 2 presents the three main initiatives: a) the “individueller Sanierungsfahrplan” (individual renovation roadmap) in Germany, b) the Flemish “Woningpas” (Dwelling ID), and c) the “Passeport Efficacité Énergétique” (Energy efficiency passport) in France. Finally, section 3 outlines a series of recommendations for the introduction of building renovation passports across the EU.
Download the report here
RENOVATION IN PRACTICE – BEST PRACTICE EXAMPLES OF VOLUNTARY AND MANDATORY INITIATIVES ACROSS EUROPE
The BPIE report illustrates a diversity of approaches – some mandatory, some voluntary – to address the challenge of renovating buildings. These examples can serve as inspiration and motivation for policy makers, scheme administrators, investors, industry and indeed any stakeholder to use the experience outlined to influence the renovation market in a positive way. And, while the schemes described in the report are good examples of renovation, each has been through a learning process, and indeed there is scope for further improvement so as to increase the depth of renovation (to avoid lock-in) and to increase uptake rates. As governments and multi-national bodies around the world consider their response to the challenges of climate change energy security and provision of affordable energy, the ability to point to replicable schemes that are successfully delivering results is of paramount importance.
Renovate Europe Campaign Key Messages
Investing to improve energy efficiency will help the EU meet its economic, climate and societal challenges. Buildings have the greatest energy savings potential of all high-energy consuming sectors. They are the most cost-effective to reform and the EU regulatory framework is in place: BUT we have to make it happen!
Structural Funds Leaflet – Can you spot the difference?
In a period of economic crisis when money is not readily available, the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), Cohesion Fund and European Social Fund represent a golden opportunity to access financing. Make sure you invest these Funds in sectors of huge potential, which will trigger private investment and generate high returns.
The energy efficient renovation of buildings represents a sector with a high economic potential that remains largely untapped because of a lack of upfront financing. Do not miss this opportunity to bridge the gap between potential and actual investment!
Implementing the Cost-Optimal Methodology in EU Countries – Lessons learned from three case studies
The recast Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD, 2010/31/EU) requires Member States to introduce minimum energy performance requirements for buildings, building elements and technical building systems and set these requirements based on a cost-optimal methodology. This methodology introduces – for the very first time – the prerequisite to consider the global lifetime costs of buildings to shape their future energy performance requirements. Thus, the evaluation of buildings’ requirements will no longer be related only to the investment costs, but will additionally take into account the operational, maintenance, disposal and energy saving costs of buildings, the assessment being then more consistent and sustainable.
The methodology to calculate cost-optimal levels of minimum energy performance for buildings and building elements was established on the Cost-Optimality Commission Delegated Regulation (2010/31/EU), while an additional guidance document on how to implement the methodology at the national level was published by the EU Commission in April 2012. Nevertheless, the EU regulation and guidelines provide Member States a very large degree of flexibility, regarding the selection of input data for the calculation, the reference buildings selection, energy costs, etc.
Convinced that Member States would benefit from additional guidance on the cost-optimality process and on how to use the methodology relating to nearly Zero-Energy Buildings (nZEB) requirements and long-term climate goals, BPIE intends to provide with this report additional practical examples on how to effectively implement the cost-optimal methodology at national level. The main goal is to evaluate the implications of different critical parameters, as well as to share the good practices across EU countries.
Three case studies are delivered with the support of consultants from Austria (e-sieben), Germany (IWU) and Poland (BuildDesk), focusing on cost-optimal calculations for multi-family and / or single-family buildings. The report and case studies demonstrate how ambitious yet affordable cost-optimal energy performance requirements for buildings can be defined and how the transition towards nearly Zero-Energy Buildings (nZEBs) can be supported.
A Guide to Developing Strategies for Building Energy Renovation
BPIE has produced a guide to support the EU Member States draft the first version of their renovation strategies to be published by April 30th 2014.
Deep renovations are specifically encouraged by the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED, 2012/27/EU) through the requirement for Member States to establish long term strategies for the renovation of national building stocks covering all building types, including residential and non-residential buildings, whether in private, public or mixed ownership. The adoption of the EED in October 2012, developed in order to help deliver the EU’s 20% headline target on energy efficiency by 2020, as well as to pave the way for further improvements thereafter, provides the regulatory drive around which to define a body of support to achieve this long-term ambition. (EED, article 4 requirements on building renovation)
Alongside the EED, the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD, 2010/31/EU), recast in 2010, sets out numerous requirements including energy performance certification of buildings, inspection regimes for boilers and air conditioning plants, and requirements for new buildings to be nearly zero energy. The EPBD sets minimum energy performance standards for buildings undergoing renovation. Together, the EED and EPBD provide a framework for Member States to drive the reduction of energy use in buildings, thereby delivering a range of economic, environmental, societal and energy security benefits.
This guide is a template that can be used for strategy development, setting out the multiple benefits arising from improving the energy performance of buildings. It highlights the existence of numerous challenges to the achievement of the potential benefits. It argues for Member States to be visionary in setting out a long term strategy for building stock renovation: it is vital that national renovation strategies are ambitious in their scope and coverage, and that they take full advantage of the state of the art, in terms of technology, policy and institutional arrangements. The strategy development process is described in details, including a description of the five key phases and a suggested list of actions MS could take to underpin the strategy.
BPIE aims to work with Member State representatives over the coming year to help ensure national renovation strategies deliver their full economic potential, as well as to create knowledge and awareness around best practice in renovation strategy development and delivery.
Multiple Benefits of Investing in Energy Efficient Renovations in Buildings – Impact on Public Finances
Copenhagen Economics, launched at Renovate Europe Day 2012
Energy Efficiency Policies in Buildings – the Use of Financial Instruments at Member State Level
The BPIE report highlighted the complexity of the sector in large part because Member States had over decades separately developed their buildings sectors in terms of policies, design and construction techniques. The report showed a mosaic of building cultures and policies.
Policy-making cannot be undertaken effectively in a knowledge vacuum. With buildings representing about 40% of energy consumption and almost the same level of GHG emissions, there is a need for a strong analytical foundation for policy-making, particularly when there are priority policy concerns such as energy security and global climate change. Data and information are essential and the “Microscope” study started that data journey. The 2011 publication presented a fraction of the information and data collected. The database is now being used as an information pool to deepen the discussion in several key areas.
The 2011 report highlighted many of the market barriers that will impede such levels of energy performance improvements. The major set of barriers concerns the financing of such improvements. While the investments are considered cost-effective over the lifetime of the building, there are undoubtedly high up-front expenditures. The 2011 report gave some attention to the financial instruments available in Europe but, understandably, the review was only a first step.
This report takes a closer look at how financial instruments are currently being used in Europe and provides some evidence on their effectiveness. The focus is mainly on existing buildings, because these types of buildings represents the biggest potential for reducing GHG emission. New buildings only add about 1% per year to the total building stock. If buildings are to contribute their rightful share to the reduction of GHG emissions and energy savings by 2020 and 2050, the level of ambition must be high but must also be realistic, based on a strong analytical foundation. It is estimated that, on average, buildings can achieve 75-80% improvements in energy performance. What was once considered prohibitive is now widely accepted.
Europe’s Buildings Under the Microscope
by BPIE , was launched on Renovate Europe Day 2011. It provides the following research and analysis:
- Provide a clear overview of EU building stock (energy use, typology, regulations, etc.)
- Quantify the potential financial and energy savings benefits of increased retrofits
- Identify and propose solutions to gaps and barriers to delivery mechanisms
Some targets are more equal than others
The European Union has binding targets for carbon dioxide reductions and renewable energy. Why does energy efficiency not have the same status?
The European Union has three energy-related targets for 2020. Each is based upon an emblematic 20 per cent. According to Commission president Jose Manuel Barroso, these are: to cut carbon dioxide emissions by 20 per cent; to boost the proportion of renewable energy to 20 per cent; and to improve energy efficiency by 20 per cent.